Today's living conditions of the Narikurava are closely linked to India's colonial past.
Through colonization land was reclaimed, providing the indiginous group as hunting ground over centuries and thereby also their livelihood.
These areas were divided by British colonists between themselves and the Maharajas, the Indian rulers.
This was accompanied with rental charges for the areas which had not yet been developed.
The Narikurava, who had up until this point remained more or less self-sufficient and free of the constraints of a monetary system, were forced to move from the jungle to the periphery of villages or in city slums.
Furthermore hunting was to be made forbidden - the basis of their existence. In addition the "criminal tribe act" was introduced in 1871.